5th Grade Curriculum

Fifth Grade Curriculum


A Single-Subject Math teacher teaches Math daily. Utilizing the SMART Board, Mrs. Sun engages every 4th and 5th Grade student in active lessons that build sequentially from hands-on activities to written problem solving.

Singapore Math

  1. A proven world-class curriculum that emphasizes developing a concrete understanding of math concepts by first using manipulative materials and hands-on SMART board exercises, followed by word problems, written exercises, and independent practice to solidify problem solving and computational skills.
  2. Accurate computation skills are integral to cognitive progress in Math so math facts are drilled and tested in all grades.
  3. Unique pedagogy emphasizes a Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract approach to build understanding of “why” before proceeding to the abstract “how.”

By Fifth Grade, students are expected to be fluent with all of the above math facts so that they can master each new concept without confusion. Weekly drills reinforce automaticity.

Academic Choice tutoring is available after school at no charge.


The FOSS (Full Option Science System) program is taught three days a week by Mrs. Flavin, a single-subject Science teacher. FOSS science includes hands-on learning activities most days.

Fifth Grade units include: Mixtures, Solutions and Chemical Reactions, Body and Plant Systems, and Pendulums and Weather.

Students record findings in their science notebooks to learn the steps of scientific inquiry. Students then discuss the many new scientific events that are occurring to deepen their understanding of the world they live in.


Progress and achievement in the Fifth Grade are the direct result of past learning. Sounds, vowel patterns, spelling rules, and comprehension techniques absorbed during earlier training are never abandoned. These valuable tools are forever theirs. By Fifth Grade, students accept the challenge of the advanced reading material of the upper grades. They find they can cope with ease and confidence the new academic challenges. Study habits acquired in preceding grades are enhanced through careful application in association with new concepts learned. Fifth Grade is a key grade for learning fine study and work habits.

The children read the classic literature that is suitable for their grade level.


  • Arabian Nights
  • Robin Hood
  • The Wind in the Willows

All the literature books are unabridged editions of the original text and are completed within a six week period. Vocabulary development and rhythmic reading are stressed during the reading class at this grade level. Comprehension of material and vocabulary development are important elements of the Carden reading program.

The Class Book for Fifth Grade in conjunction with its workbook opens the door to reading the folk tales of many lands and learning the culture of people in these countries. It begins with “The God That Lived in the Kitchen” from Tales of a Chinese Grandmother. “Clever Semiletka” follows from Tales of a Russian Grandmother by Frances Carpenter and then the stories move on to Persia with the story of “The White-Headed Zall” from The Ivory Throne of Persia. Later in the year the Greek myths are read and enjoyed with “The Gorgon’s Head” by Nathaniel Hawthorne and “The Peace Pipe” from The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. The Graduation Book continues to enhance with the literature of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s renditions of the Greek Myths. These include “Jason and the Golden Fleece”, “Hercules”, “Theseus and the Minotaur”, and “Orpheus and Eurydice”.

The Homework series, Books 3, 4, and 5 continue with a literature series that includes a rich program. Book 3 starts with Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Great Stone Face” and concludes with Rudyard Kipling’s “The Cat That Walked by Himself”, and “The Elephant Child”. Book 4 continues with “King of the Golden River” by John Ruskin and “Mowgli’s Brothers” by Rudyard Kipling. Book 5 begins with “How Fear Came” followed by, “The Law of the Jungle” which concludes with “Tiger! Tiger!” all by Rudyard Kipling.

All of these stories convey life lessons well worth learning. The work in this grade assures the student a foundation in classic literature.


Students in the Fifth Grade learn up to twenty poems. They recite regularly during Friday assembly. Poets studied are Longfellow, Eugene Field, Emerson, James Whitcomb Rile, and others. A portion of a poem is dictated each day in the Daily Drill or Log.

Language Arts

Log and Daily Drill

Each morning Fifth Grade has a Log and Daily Drill dictated by the teacher. The Log is the same as in previous years. It includes a Fact for the day, Homework assignments, Sounds that are interrelated with the week’s spelling lesson, and Rule, which can be a spelling or language rule. The Log goes home with the student each day for study and to keep parents apprised of their child’s progress.

The Daily Drill consists of Penmanship, Sound Chart, Poetry, Spelling, and History. Tests are given every Friday in Spelling, with twenty words selected from the total of forty-two which were given during the week.


The Fifth Grade reviews all the basic parts of speech. Phrases, adverbial, adjectival, and prepositional are added to the basic sentence pattern of subject and verb. The adjective, adverbial and noun clauses are perfected in the student’s writing. English grammar is made understandable through diagramming simple sentences and adding phrases and clauses. Regular, irregular, transitive, and intransitive verbs are studied. Present and past perfect, future and future perfect verbs are mastered and the student becomes adept in changing them into regular and progressive forms.

The students are given practice sentences that aid in identifying parts of speech and how the verb controls the sentence pattern. Regular, interrogative verb forms are written. Conjugation of verbs in singular and plural forms are written each day in the Daily Drill.

Creative Writing

In composition, the children learn the structure of the “Carden Paragraph.” By doing this they learn to support the topic sentence, develop the key idea, compare or contrast themes, and close with a summation. This basic pattern can be used in any subject and enlarged to any scale.

Book Reports

The students accomplish six book reports during the year. The reports are written on books from the Fifth Grade reading list, available from the school office. Four of the reports are to be written and two are to be given orally. The written reports are done in class following a pattern. They write the first draft in class with the teacher correcting them. They rewrite the report with the corrections for the final grade.

Social studies


The History studied in the Fifth Grade covers American History from the end of the Revolutionary War through the Civil War. This study also familiarizes the student with the Presidents of this period from George Washington to Abraham Lincoln. The History is taught by sentence analysis, asking the questions “who,” “what,” “when,” “where,” “how,” and “why.” Keywords for each sentence are discussed and arrived at with careful questioning. From the keywords, titles are formed. This method of study engages the child and enlarges their reasoning capability and study techniques. The twenty questions on the History test are compiled from the keywords and titles studied during the week.

In the later part of the school year, the History test can change from written questions to students being asked to write paragraphs recalling the information given in class.


Students in Fifth Grade study India. The text for geography is National Geographic Map Essentials.

Field Trip

In the fall the students in Fifth Grade participate in a two-day trip to Dana Point where they spend the night on the tall ship the “Pilgrim.” They experience life of a sailor in the 1830s; swabbing the decks, keeping night watch and sleeping in berths below deck. The faithfully re-enact the indentured service of Richard Henry Dana that they study in Two Years Before the Mast.

Physical education

Each day our thirty-minute session begins with a warm-up consisting of stretching and running, followed by one skill, and then a game to use what the students have learned. We play baseball, basketball, soccer, football, volleyball, and many other games.

In the second semester we participate in National Presidential Physical Fitness Award Testing, which includes Sit and Reach, Sit Ups, Pull Ups, Shuttle Run, and Mile Run.

By participating in these activities every day, we feel a proper athletic foundation will be achieved so that our young athletes can enjoy sports on many different levels and lead an active healthy life.


Beginning guitar and music composition are taught by Mrs. Krasczyk, our Music Specialist Teacher. In Music Appreciation, the students learn about influential composers. The 5th Grade performances during assembly make for a highly enjoyable year in Music.

Art and Art Appreciation

Abstract composition adds a new twist to Art this year. Art Appreciation focuses on Pop Art and contemporary art.


Grammar is the key word in Fifth Grade French. Through many oral and written exercises, the students are taught the numerous rules, and exceptions of the French language. Along with the grammar, basic vocabulary is learned. By the end of the year the students are able to write a grammatically correct essay.


In the Fifth Grade the students are introduced to Coding and Programming. Students apply their knowledge in ten technology areas: applied technology, databases, desktop publishing, graphics, multimedia, operating environments, programming, spreadsheets, and word processing skills. Students continue to type by touch and will also do research for projects on the Internet.